Cross Cutting Issues
NEWAH is fully aware
of the fact that climate resilience and disaster risk reduction is one
of the major cross-cutting issues for the sustainability of WASH projects. The
potential impact of climate change on WASH has different faces. Major threats
are: the depletion of water sources, drought, changes in temperature (too high
and too low), an increasing rainfall intensity, a change in the duration of
rainy seasons and infrastructure damages due to climate induced disasters, viz.
floods and landslides, which ultimately affect the functionality and
sustainability of projects.
As a result, source
depletion (drinking water and irrigation), changed water consumption and use
patterns, damaged infrastructures, water quality degradation and increased
risks to health, disputes in water use, loss of productive land, change in land
use patterns and a decrease in agriculture production can be experienced by the
Based on its experience, after having identified climate change adaptation needs and barriers, NEWAH has produced a policy and guidelines for mainstreaming climate resilient measures. They include disaster risk reduction measures and the teaching rural communities of climate resilient water resource management. Accordingly, NEWAH focuses on identifying disaster risks in project areas from the initial stage of planning, survey and design and takes measures for disaster risk reduction. The climate and disaster resilient structures are subsequently implemented with proper monitoring and supervision.
NEWAH has also
identified measures for improved water availability and water use efficiency
and introduced integrated water resource management (IWRM) for climate
change adaptation. Projects will be carried out while aiming at an
establishment of general awareness on effective water use, hygiene and
sanitation-friendly behavior, source protection and a system of water recharge,
retention and reuse.
This makes IWRM another cross-cutting issue followed by Agriculture,
Nutrition and Livelihood. The use of water for agriculture improves the
livelihood of people and frees them from pervasive malnutrition and poverty,
because agricultural products and animal farming bring food security as well as
they secure income.
Another cross-cutting issue addressed by NEWAH in its policies and guidelines
is Gender Equality and Social Inclusion. The objective of this policy is
to create equal opportunities to all community members including women,
disadvantaged castes, ethnic minorities, people with disabilities and other
socially excluded individuals to pursue their rights to water, sanitation and
hygiene. The approach aims to release women and the excluded groups from
existing social, cultural and institutional barriers so that they can realize
their potential and enjoy the benefits of development.
NEWAH ensures a meaningful participation of women in key positions during the projects as well as a representation of the poor and excluded in WSUCs.